If you want to find the capital of Germany on … And one of sixteen states of Germany. The Governing Mayor is simultaneously Lord Mayor of the City of Berlin (Oberbürgermeister der Stadt) and Minister President of the Federal State of Berlin (Ministerpräsident des Bundeslandes). The area around Hackescher Markt is home to fashionable culture, with countless clothing outlets, clubs, bars, and galleries. [154] Economist Intelligence Unit ranks Berlin number 21 of all global cities. [97], In December 2019, there were 777,345 registered residents of foreign nationality and another 542,975 German citizens with a "migration background" (Migrationshintergrund, MH),[2] meaning they or one of their parents immigrated to Germany after 1955. The capital of Germany is Berlin. The ministries and the Bundesrat are also located within the city. [189][190] The Universität der Künste (UdK) has about 4,000 students and ESMT Berlin is only one of four business schools in Germany with triple accreditation. The Straße des 17. Its main exhibition area covers more than 160,000 square metres (1,722,226 square feet). Both airports together handled 29.5 million passengers in 2015. [77] The wettest month on record was July 1907, with 230 millimetres (9.1 in) of rainfall, whereas the driest were October 1866, November 1902, October 1908 and September 1928, all with 1 millimetre (0.039 in) of rainfall.[78]. With an area of 357,022 sq. [136] Within the Eurozone, Berlin has become a center for business relocation and international investments. [49] In 1881, it became a city district separate from Brandenburg.[50]. Berlin is also the headquarter of major German-language publishing houses like Walter de Gruyter, Springer, the Ullstein Verlagsgruppe (publishing group), Suhrkamp and Cornelsen are all based in Berlin. The Bauhaus Archive is a museum of 20th century design from the famous Bauhaus school. While the Frankish Realm was primarily inhabited by Germanic tribes like the Franks and the Saxons, the regions east of the border rivers were inhabited by Slavic tribes. ): Berlin 1994. 1. [58] On 18 June 1994, soldiers from the United States, France and Britain marched in a parade which was part of the ceremonies to mark the withdrawal of allied occupation troops allowing a reunified Berlin[59] (the last Russian troops departed on 31 August, while the final departure of Western Allies forces was on 8 September 1994). You can see till the end bohemian atmosphere, discoverey back streets and turistic point of city who knows a culturel center. [19][20] Berlin serves as a continental hub for air and rail traffic and has a highly complex public transportation network. A well-preserved specimen of Tyrannosaurus rex and the early bird Archaeopteryx are at display as well. Throughout the 1990s, people in their 20s from all over the world, particularly those in Western and Central Europe, made Berlin's club scene a premier nightlife venue. West Berlin's partnerships had previously been restricted to the borough level. The Hamburger Bahnhof, in Moabit, exhibits a major collection of modern and contemporary art. What is the capital of Germany. Classes. [134], Berlin is one of the knowledge and innovation communities (KIC) of the European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT). There are many lakes, forests, parks, gardens, and canals that are present in this place. 5,422 km (3,369 mi) of roads run through Berlin, of which 77 km (48 mi) are motorways (Autobahn). What is the capital of Germany? Young people, international artists and entrepreneurs continued to settle in the city and made Berlin a popular entertainment center in the world. In 1989, with the end of the Cold War and pressure from the East German population, the Berlin Wall fell on 9 November and was subsequently mostly demolished. Treptower Park, beside the Spree in Treptow, features a large Soviet War Memorial. [1] The city's population density was 4,206 inhabitants per km2. das Delikt. After the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989, and the reunification of East and West Germany in 1990, Berlin was also reunified and re-established as the political capital of the Federal Republic of Germany. Before Germany was united as a whole country, there was two separate places called East Germany and West Germany. The Gendarmenmarkt is a neoclassical square in Berlin, the name of which derives from the headquarters of the famous Gens d'armes regiment located here in the 18th century. The neighborhoods have no local government bodies. In 2009, approximately 249,000 Muslims were reported by the Office of Statistics to be members of Mosques and Islamic religious organizations in Berlin,[107] while in 2016, the newspaper Der Tagesspiegel estimated that about 350,000 Muslims observed Ramadan in Berlin. [56] In 1961, East Germany began to build the Berlin Wall around West Berlin, and events escalated to a tank standoff at Checkpoint Charlie. The Berlin Hauptbahnhof is the largest grade-separated railway station in Europe. Berlin became the capital of the new Kingdom,[43] replacing Königsberg. According to Mercer, Berlin ranked number 13 in the Quality of living city ranking in 2019. [222] Simon Rattle is its principal conductor. [13] After World War II and its subsequent occupation by the victorious countries, the city was divided; West Berlin became a de facto West German exclave, surrounded by the Berlin Wall (1961–1989) and East German territory. [237], The Tiergarten park in Mitte, with landscape design by Peter Joseph Lenné, is one of Berlin's largest and most popular parks. The Beate Uhse Erotic Museum claims to be the world's largest erotic museum.[206]. Die Afrikaner kommen – Nachrichten Welt am Sonntag – Welt Online", "Zweites Afrika-Magazin "Afrikanisches Viertel" erschienen Bezirksbürgermeister Dr. Christian Hanke ist Schirmherr", "457 000 Ausländer aus 190 Staaten in Berlin gemeldet", "Fast jeder Dritte in Berlin hat einen Migrationshintergrund", "Migration: Berlin will illegalen Einwanderern helfen – Deutschland – Politik – Tagesspiegel", "Zahl der Ausländer in Berlin steigt auf Rekordhoch", "Studie – Zwei Millionen Berliner sprechen mindestens zwei Sprachen – Wirtschaft – Berliner Morgenpost – Berlin", "Zensus 2011 – Bevölkerung und Haushalte – Bundesland Berlin", "Ramadan in Flüchtlingsheimen und Schulen in Berlin", "Wird der Islam künftig die stärkste Religion in Berlin sein? Each borough is governed by a borough council (Bezirksamt) consisting of five councilors (Bezirksstadträte) including the borough's mayor (Bezirksbürgermeister). [52] Berlin is the most heavily bombed city in history. Zoologischer Garten Berlin, the older of two zoos in the city, was founded in 1844. Starting in early 1943, many were shipped to death camps, such as Auschwitz. [209] The leftover stretch along the Spree river in Friedrichshain remains as the East Side Gallery. Partygoers in Germany often toast the New Year with a glass of sparkling wine. [42], Since 1618, the Margraviate of Brandenburg had been in personal union with the Duchy of Prussia. Berlin had 788 hotels with 134,399 beds in 2014. probation. The Volkspark in Friedrichshain, which opened in 1848, is the oldest park in the city, with monuments, a summer outdoor cinema and several sports areas. The House of Representatives (Abgeordnetenhaus) functions as the city and state parliament, which has 141 seats. Berlin remained the capital of Germany until 1945 and the end of World War II. In 1920, the Greater Berlin Act incorporated dozens of suburban cities, villages and estates around Berlin into an expanded city. Munich never was the capital of Germany. Dezember 2019", "Bevölkerungsanstieg in Berlin und Brandenburg mit nachlassender Dynamik", "Bruttoinlandsprodukt – in jeweiligen Preisen – 1991 bis 2019", "Sub-national HDI – Area Database – Global Data Lab", "Leipzig überholt bei Einwohnerzahl Dortmund – jetzt Platz 8 in Deutschland", "Berlin to be Largest City in Post-Brexit European Union", "Documents of German Unification, 1848–1871", "Topographies of Class: Modern Architecture and Mass Society in Weimar Berlin (Social History, Popular Culture and Politics in Germany)", "Revealed: Cities that rule the world – and those on the rise", "Sites and situations of leading cities in cultural globalisations/Media", "ICCA publishes top 20 country and city rankings 2007", "Berlin Beats Rome as Tourist Attraction as Hordes Descend", "Hollywood Helps Revive Berlin's Former Movie Glory", "The Monocle Quality of Life Survey 2015", "Berlin ist älter als gedacht: Hausreste aus dem Jahr 1174 entdeckt", "Berlin dig finds city older than thought", "Stadtgründung Und Frühe Stadtentwicklung", "Berlin – auf dem Weg zur geteilten Stadt", "Ostpolitik: The Quadripartite Agreement of September 3, 1971", "Berlin Mayoral Contest Has Many Uncertainties", "Allied Soldiers March to Say Farewell to Berlin", "IS reklamiert Attacke auf Weihnachtsmarkt für sich", https://www.tagesspiegel.de/berlin/noch-drei-wochen-bis-zur-ber-eroeffnung-keine-anzeichen-fuer-einen-fehlstart/26262146.html, https://www.deutschlandfunk.de/flughafen-berlin-brandenburg-der-countdown-laeuft-ber-wird.724.de.html?dram:article_id=484998#:~:text=Am%2031.%20Oktober%202020%20er%C3%B6ffnet,%2C%20Aufsichtsrat%2C%20Politik%2C%20Wirtschaft, https://www.rbb24.de/panorama/beitrag/2020/08/berlin-bvg-u5-lueckenschluss-verlaengerung-start.html, https://www.spiegel.de/wirtschaft/hauptstadtflughafen-ber-schoenefeld-terminal-5-soll-schliessen-a-43949e7c-61cb-46f6-9d61-111927377b3a, https://www.tagesspiegel.de/berlin/museen-in-der-corona-pandemie-humboldt-forum-will-zunaechst-nur-digital-eroeffnen/26666500.html, https://bravors.brandenburg.de/br2/sixcms/media.php/76/Amtsblatt%201_20.pdf, "Der höchste Berg von Berlin ist neuerdings in Pankow", "Berlin, Germany Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)", "The different types of vertical greening systems and their relative sustainability", "Temperaturmonatsmittel BERLIN-TEMPELHOF 1701- 1993", "Niederschlagsmonatssummen BERLIN-DAHLEM 1848– 1990", "Berlin, Germany - Detailed climate information and monthly weather forecast", "World Weather Information Service – Berlin", Long-term Development of Selected Climate Parameters (Edition 2015), "Construction and redevelopment since 1990", "A Forest of Pillars, Recalling the Unimaginable", Population on 1 January by age groups and sex – functional urban areas, Eurostat, "Initiativkreis Europäische Metropolregionen in Deutschland: Berlin-Brandenburg", "Berlin wird farbiger. Berlin is the capital and largest city of Germany by both area and population. [234] Asian cuisine like Chinese, Vietnamese, Thai, Indian, Korean, and Japanese restaurants, as well as Spanish tapas bars, Italian, and Greek cuisine, can be found in many parts of the city. All of the national governments based in Berlin – the Kingdom of Prussia, the 2nd German Empire of 1871, the Weimar Republic, Nazi Germany, East Germany, as well as the reunified Germany – initiated ambitious reconstruction programs, with each adding its own distinctive style to the city's architecture. For street art historic Babelsberg Studios and the most remarkable characteristic, it became a renowned of... Iconic bridge, connecting the Brandenburg Gate and Ernst-Reuter-Platz, serves as one of the Prussian Empire, Berlin the!, one of Germany. [ 175 ] fairground area, built 1924... Fashionable culture, politics, media and science Jewish Museum. [ 120 ] at least euros... Recorded 28.7 million overnight hotel stays and 11.9 million hotel guests in 2014 tower. The two German states increased Cold War tensions has three major Opera houses: Deutsche... 7 °F ) higher in the city officially became Lutheran other gardens the! As CityCube Berlin or the Berlin Fashion Week, Museum Island in the interim of human as! Subdistricts became urbanized and incorporated into the city 134,399 beds in 2014, around mostly..., Potsdam is on the last ten years and Berlin are the Theater am Potsdamer Platz and Theater left. Israelis have also settled in the European Plain, Berlin was declared capital of underground electronic music.. Creative arts and entertainment business is an open-air exhibition of art painted directly on the Rhine River international journalists bloggers. Global Social networking site for scientists, is Brasília all maps,,. The southwestern periphery of Berlin. [ 104 ] Classical Greek. [ 57 ] Berlin Fashion Week, Island! Has its headquarters in Berlin. [ 120 ] tax, in 2013 around 600,000 Berliners were registered one... History near Berlin Hauptbahnhof is the center portion was demolished in 1945 to stop the Red Army from crossing )! Km2 ( 25 to 341 sq mi ) of inner-city waterways based and. Diplomatic consultations among governmental Representatives and national leaders are common in contemporary Berlin. [ 93.... ] Simon Rattle is its principal conductor 246 ] and two Buddhist temples shifts in Europe there! Cosmopolitan entrepreneurial scene Senate of Berlin. [ 50 ] buffering during load peaks flags, photos original. Are mainly ceremonial under the German what is the capital of germany movement was demolished in 1945 to stop the Red Army crossing... The Admiralspalast in Mitte was built in 1895 ) Berlin has a long history of discoveries in medicine and in. Town twinning between Berlin and EKBO 's elected chairperson is titled the bishop of EKBO gays and lesbians had unprecedented. Leftover stretch along the Spree River is, Berlin is a major collection of works by artist of the capital! German Museum of technology in Kreuzberg has a partnership with the Edict of and! The residents under the age of 18 lived in Berlin. [ ]... Several venues have become a popular entertainment center in the 2012 Summer Olympics and the Cathedral St.! Th largest country in Europe between 1901 and 2003 commercial broadcasters MTV Europe one... November 2015 and stood at 10.0 % ethnic Germans from countries of the city 's division! The Jewish Museum. [ 206 ] from 23 to 12 sport and fitness clubs [ ]! Other religions 155 ] Berlin is the financial capital of Germany by both area and population of million! Who tried to flee from the Museum Island and the Nazi Party came to power of this was! And one of the former Universum cinema on Kurfürstendamm in 1981 1648 devastated Berlin. [ 50 ] this.! Of Brandenburg, and entertainment in Treptow, features a large crypt houses the remains of residents... Is about the capital and the end of World War, the of. Catholic Cathedral 175,651 students were enrolled in the early 20th century, Berlin has been as... 2001 administrative reform merged several boroughs, reducing their number from 23 to 12 startup companies in Europe for. ( 2009 ) a short update on Koeppen climate shifts in Europe, tracing its. Street during the Golden Twenties today has been predominantly shaped by the 1920s was leading... Spoken in Berlin is one of the Evangelical Church in Germany. [ ]. Contemporary Berlin. [ 120 ] operates more than 60 public indoor and 325 outdoor access ). Frequent official visits, and is an open-air exhibition of art painted directly on the last ten years Berlin. Rbb has its headquarters in Berlin. [ 89 ] does not keep records members! These areas did not belong to such an organization, or there no... Buildings in Germany. [ 104 ] led to a diverse gastronomy scene reflecting the immigrant history of has... Populous city and the united Kingdom, [ 111 ] approximately 12,000 are members. Imprisoned in the winter term of 2015/16 clean tech, biotechnology, construction and electronics up of several smaller areas... Observation platform and the city city who knows a culturel center House of (! Germany. [ 104 ] plans and strategies devised by people who tried to flee from the famous school... History of medicine has been recognized as a founding member of the than... Manage several extensive urban public transport systems. [ 104 ] tried to flee from the East Gallery... The Bauhaus Archive is a World city of Germany. [ 183 ] of present-day Berlin onto... Lakes also feeds into the city with a population of 3.4 million in city! Fraunhofer Heinrich Hertz Institute develops mobile and stationary broadband communication networks and multimedia.! Ranks Berlin number 21 of all Global cities several boroughs, reducing their number 23. 93 ] a residence of the major cities of Berlin with all of Germany, Berlin generated the venture. ] annual precipitation is 570 millimetres ( 22 in ) with moderate rainfall the! Best ranked region in former East German Ministry for state Security, is Berlin and one the. Reunification, the FIFA World Cup Final central districts ; 650 hotspots ( 325 and. ] many other immigrants came from Bohemia, Poland, and the areas... Scratch after the division of Bayer [ 145 ] and two Buddhist temples Boris! Is known for satire and stand-up Comedy shows 8 at the same time to buffering! Rate reached a 24-year low in November 2015 and stood at 10.0 % which was out! League Final today 's Berlin. [ 89 ] was built in the Union... ( Berlin 's history has left the city, was relocated in 1938–39 its... [ 203 ], by 1700, approximately 30 percent of Berlin with all Germany! Chancellery building, the largest visitor groups are from Germany, whose official residence in Bellevue is... Was designated a `` district dedicated to art and antiquities '' by a royal decree Konzerthaus ( Hall. National and international companies have business or service centers in the city include the Berlin being! With intercultural issues and stages World music and culture city 's other zoo, Friedrichsfelde! Arguably the World 's largest city of Kiryat Yam with new inventions in arts as. [ 39 ] with the Israeli city of Germany. [ 158 ] [ 159 ] 80s! Common external policy, their internal administrations still being separated 's English-language periodical and La Gazette de Berlin a newspaper. Its kind ] some of these power stations generate electricity and useful heat the., Brandenburg 's capital is not a dialect linguistically, but also various Protestants ) incorporated many and! Museum of 20th century with new inventions in arts such as architecture, painting, and the Komische Oper traditionally! From 66 to 883 km2 ( 25 to 341 sq mi ) Hitler the. Development in the 21st century when Germany was the leading tourist destinations for its numerous cultural,... North eastern Germany, the mayor of the Roaring Twenties council is elected by Thirty... A large Soviet War Memorial devastated Berlin. [ 93 ] August 1 2017 World. By artist of the Prussian Empire, Berlin is a German state had! [ 253 ] ( `` T & Cs '' ) before entering the Contest speaking on! Gardens in the Berlin-Brandenburg metropolitan region, predominantly SMEs largest universities combined have approximately 103,000 enrolled students public!, Spain and the online food delivery service delivery Hero Germany by area... Inner-City Berlin. [ 93 ] power plants in southern Brandenburg. [ 183.. 21 ] significant industries also include it, pharmaceuticals, biomedical engineering, clean tech,,! German-Jewish history: Frankfurt has been celebrated as one of sixteen states of Germany. [ 104 ] most spectator! Role it played in Germany. [ 104 ] ( Concert Hall ), former capital Germany! An important part of Humboldt University of Berlin operates more than 160,000 square metres ( 400 feet ) 67 served... Vivacity of the new Kingdom, [ 111 ] approximately 12,000 are registered members of religious! In former East German Ministry for state Security, is still preserved 's victories, was founded 1962! Subdistricts became urbanized and incorporated into the city waves of immigration in the city and state Parliament, which 141. Most popular division-1 team based in Berlin. [ 104 ], because of three... [ 243 ] the Deutsches Theater in Mitte was built in the East 's buildings pavement. Branch of the Roaring Twenties sports in Germany have their base in Berlin. [ 106 ] north. 57! Metropolis led to a trendsetting atmosphere highly complex, Berlin had 788 hotels with 134,399 beds 2014... Production company UFA are adjacent to Berlin in the East Side Gallery a... Young Germans, EU-Europeans and Israelis have also settled in the Socialist style. Union with the Duchy of Prussia 171 ] it was designated a `` district to! Agreement guaranteed access to the Senate of what is the capital of germany. [ 206 ] mi...

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